The Iraq War began in 2003. The goal was to remove Saddam Hussein from power and to get rid of the weapons of mass destruction that the U.S. and its allies believed were in Iraq. Many also wanted to invade Iraq because of the human rights abuses that the government of Iraq was committing against its own people. The goal was to get rid of Saddam Hussein and reestablish a democratic government in Iraq. The operation was codenamed Operation Iraqi Freedom. It began on March 20, 2003. The capital of Baghdad was under complete U.S. control on April 9, 2003. U.S. troops helped citizens of Baghdad pull down a statue of Saddam Hussein. After the initial attack on Iraq, and the defeat of Hussein and his military forces, insurgent groups began to take over in Iraq. Saddam was now on the run and the U.S. became and occupation force that had the task of keeping order while a government was being established and while Saddam was being searched for. U.S. and coalition troops began killing or capturing other top leaders of The Government. On December 13, 2003 in an operation codenamed Operation Red Dawn, U.S. forces captured Saddam Hussein in a spider hole in the town of ad-Dawr near Tikrit. In 2007, the U.S. had a troop surge to help further combat the insurgents in Iraq. With the help of U.S. and coalition forces, Iraq began to create a stable government and start rebuilding and regaining control. On February 17, 2010 the operation was renamed Operation Red Dawn. On December 18, 2011, The U.S. troops pulled out of Iraq.